Texas water policy appendix: the weather
Vol. 6 No. 1 (2015). Cover photo: Anzelduas Dam in Hidalgo County



How to Cite

Rubinstein, C. (2015). Texas water policy appendix: the weather. Texas Water Journal, 6(1), 121–135. https://doi.org/10.21423/twj.v6i1.7033


The climate of Texas makes our state particularly susceptible to droughts, floods, and hurricanes. Weather events over the past 150 years have resulted in policy changes at the state and federal level that have helped us prepare for, respond to, and prevent weather disasters. Many of these efforts have been successful; however, continuous planning and improvement will be necessary to meet the needs of our growing population. Recent droughts and floods have demonstrated that traditional infrastructure must work in tandem with early forecasting and warning systems, which will require effective policies at both the state and federal level to support them along with citizen engagement.

Citation: Rubinstein C. 2015. Texas water policy appendix: the weather. Texas Water Journal. 6(1):121-135. Available from: https://doi.org/10.21423/twj.v6i1.7015.



American Institutes for Research, The Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Deloitte & Touche LLP. 2005. A chronology of major events affecting the National Flood Insurance Program. Completed for the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Washington D.C. Contract Number 282-98-0029. Available from: http://www.fema. gov/media-library-data/20130726-1602-20490-7283/nfip_eval_chronology.pdf

Arnold JL. 1988. The evolution of the 1936 Flood Control Act. Fort Belvoir (Virginia): United States Army Corps of Engineers. Available from: http://www.publications.usace. army.mil/Portals/76/Publications/EngineerPamphlets/ EP_870-1-29.pdf

Bishop C. 2010. Brazos flood of 1899. Handbook of Texas Online. Austin (Texas): Texas State Historical Association. Available from: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/ articles/ydb01

[BRA] Brazos River Authority. 2015. Timeline of the Brazos River Basin. Waco (Texas): Brazos River Authority. Avail¬able from: https://www.brazos.org/About-Us/About-the- BRA/About-the-Brazos-River/Basin-History

Freese SW, Sizemore DL. 1994. A century in the works, Freese and Nichols Consulting Engineers, 1894–1994. First edition. College Station (Texas): Texas A&M University Press. 435 p.

Gard W. 2015. Fence cutting. Handbook of Texas Online. Austin (Texas): Texas State Historical Association. Avail¬able from: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/ articles/auf01

Jarvis G. 2014. Historical development of Texas surface water law: background of the appropriation and permit¬ting system and management of surface water resources McAllen (Texas). Available from: http://glennjarvis.com/ water-rights-adjudication/3_Hist_Devlpmnt_TX_Surf_ Wtr_Law.pdf

[LRL] Legislative Reference Library. 2015. Texas water law timeline. Austin (Texas): Legislative Reference Library. Available from: http://www.lrl.state.tx.us/legis/water¬TimeLine.cfm

[LCRA] Lower Colorado River Authority. 2015a. Manag¬ing floods in Flash Flood Alley. Austin (Texas): Lower Colorado River Authority. Available from: http://www. lcra.org/water/floods/pages/default.aspx

[LCRA] Lower Colorado River Authority. 2015b. Major floods on the Colorado River. Austin (Texas): Lower Colorado River Authority. Available from: http://www.lcra.org/ water/floods/Documents/Major-Floods-on-the-Colorado- River.pdf

Malsch B. 2015. Indianola, Texas. Handbook of Texas Online. Austin (Texas): Texas State Historical Association. Avail¬able from: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/ articles/hvi11

[MWH] Montgomery Watson Harza. 2003. Rio Grande mouth closure study. Prepared for International Bound¬ary and Water Commission, United States Section. El Paso (Texas). Contract number IBM02D0001 Task Order Number IBM02T0002.

[NOAA] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra¬tion. 2015a. Billion-dollar weather and climate disasters: mapping. Available from: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ billions/mapping

[NOAA] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2015b. The Galveston Hurricane of 1900. Available from: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/news/features/sep13/galves¬ton.html

[NOAA] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2015c. State Climate Extremes Committee. Available from: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/extremes/scec/records

[NWS] National Weather Service. 2015. Memorial Weekend flooding–May 2015. Austin/San Antonio (Texas): National Weather Service Forecast Office. Available from: http://www.srh.noaa.gov/ewx/?n=memorial_weekend_ floods_2015

San Antonio Express News. 1913 December 11. Flood waters of Texas rivers take costly toll in life and property in sweep over wide area. Vol. 48, No. 345, Ed. 1. Available from: http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth432670/ m1/8/?q=%22colorado

Slade RM, Patton J. 2003. Major and catastrophic storms and floods in Texas. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-193. Available from: http://pubs.usgs.gov/ of/2003/ofr03-193/cd_files/USGS_Storms/patton.htm

Texas AgriLife Extension Service. 2012. Updated 2011 Texas agricultural drought losses total $7.62 billion. AgriLife TODAY. College Station (Texas). Available from: http://today.agrilife.org/2012/03/21/updated-2011-texas-agri¬cultural-drought-losses-total-7-62-billion/

[TBWE] Texas Board of Water Engineers. 1959. A study of droughts in Texas. Bulletin 5914. Austin (Texas): Texas Board of Water Engineers. Available from: http://www.twdb.texas.gov/publications/reports/bulletins/doc/Bull. htm/B5914.asp

[TLC] Texas Legislative Council. 2014. Amendments to the Texas Constitution since 1876. Austin (Texas): Texas Legislative Council. Available from: http://www.tlc.state.tx.us/pubsconamend/Constamend1876.pdf

[TPB] Texas Planning Board. 1938a. Development of Texas rivers, a water plan for Texas. Austin (Texas): The Texas Planning Board. Available from: http://www.twdb.texas. gov/publications/reports/other_reports/doc/1938Water¬PlanforTexas.pdf

[TPB] Texas Planning Board. 1938b. The need for adminis¬trative control of ground water. Austin (Texas): The Texas Planning Board.

[TRA] Trinity River Authority. Our History. Dallas (Texas): Trinity River Authority. Available from: http://www.trini¬tyra.org/ourhistory

[TSHA] Texas State Historical Association. 1928. West Texas drouths. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 32(2).

[TSHA] Texas State Historical Association. 2002. “God help them all and so must we:” Clara Barton, Reverend John Brown, and drought relief efforts, 1886–1887. The South¬western Historical Quarterly. 106(4).

[TWC] Texas Water Commission. 1964. Fifty years of water development in Texas. Bulletin 6403. Austin (Texas): Texas Water Commission. Available from: https://www.twdb.texas.gov/publications/reports/bulletins/doc/B6403. pdf

[TWDB] Texas Water Development Board. 1966. Technical papers on selected aspects of the preliminary Texas Water Plan, Report 31. Austin (Texas): Texas Water Development Board. Available from: https://www.twdb.texas.gov/publi¬cations/reports/numbered_reports/doc/R31/R31.pdf

[TWDB] Texas Water Development Board. 1976. An assess¬ment of surface water supplies of Arkansas with computa¬tions of surplus supplies and a conceptual plan for import to Texas. Austin (Texas): Texas Water Development Board. Available from: https://www.twdb.texas.gov/publications/ reports/historic_groundwater_reports/doc/SurfaceWater¬Supplies_Arkansas.pdf

[TWRI] Texas Water Resources Institute. 2011. Texas drought: now and then. txH2O. College Station (Texas): Texas Water Resources Institute. Available from: http://twri. tamu.edu/publications/txh2o/fall-2011/

[USGS] United States Geological Survey. 1991. National water summary 1988–89—hydrologic events and floods and droughts. USGS Water-Supply Paper 2375. Denver (Colorado): United States United State Geological Survey. Available from: http://pubs.usgs.gov/wsp/2375/report.pdf

[USGS] United States Geological Survey.1998. A new evalu¬ation of the USGS Streamgaging Network. Washington D.C.: U.S. Geological Survey. Available from: http:// water.usgs.gov/streamgaging/report.pdf

Western Governors’ Association. 2004. Creating a drought early warning system for the 21st century. Denver (Colorado): Western Governors’ Association. Available from: https:// www.drought.gov/media/pgfiles/nidis.pdf

Worster D. 2012. Dust Bowl. Handbook of Texas Online. Austin (Texas): Texas State Historical Association. Avail¬able from: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/ articles/ydd01

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 Carlos Rubinstein